A report on the work of the National Smart City pilot project in 2015 was issued, with an overall progress of 63.4%.
In 2015, 66 new key projects have been completed, and the overall progress of all pilot cities is 63.4%. 51.4% of the pilot cities carried out the construction of public information platform. 49.2% of the pilot cities have carried out the construction of public basic databases. A total of about 11 key projects have made significant progress in 2015.
On the 10th, the "Smart City and Planning and Design Development Forum 2016" and the annual meeting of the Smart City Design Group were held in Beijing, sponsored by the Digital City Professional Committee of the China Urban Science Research Association and supported by the Urban and Rural Planning Management Center of the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Construction and the China Urban Planning and Design Research Institute. At the meeting, the organizers issued the "National Smart City Pilot Work Report 2015". Li Xun, Vice President and Deputy Secretary of the CPC Committee of the China Urban Planning and Design Research Institute, Bian Lanchun, Secretary of the CPC Committee of the School of Architecture of Tsinghua University, Liu Chaohui, Executive Vice Director of the Digital City Engineering Research Center of the Chinese Academy of Urban Sciences, and representatives of pilot, research institutes and enterprises participated in the event.
The National Smart City Pilot Work Report for 2015 is based on the work done by the Ministry of Housing, Urban and Rural Construction (including the Ministry of Science and Technology) in the field of Smart City in 2015, and the contents of the annual summary report submitted by provincial departments and pilot cities in the Pilot Management System.
The report points out that in 2015, 66 new key projects have been completed, and the overall progress of all pilot cities is 63.4%. The number and overall progress of completion are higher than those of the previous two years. More than half of the pilot cities have carried out the construction of public information platform, and the overall progress is about 51.4%. Less than half of the pilot cities have carried out the construction of public basic databases, with an overall progress of about 49.2%. Through the construction of urban operation command center and the integration of urban management and service functions, about 11 key projects have made significant progress in 2015, and the completion progress is more than 80%.
Speaking about the characteristics of the pilot construction, Li Gong, director of the Institute of Intelligent Cities, Beijing Tsinghua Tongheng Planning and Design Research Institute Ltd., said that at present, the importance of standards has been recognized in various places, and corresponding standards and technical documents have been formulated in different intellectual projects. More and more convenient and safe services have emerged around residents'travel, trading, entertainment and other needs. Policy guidance and overall planning of business activities in the public sphere. Make full use of the investment and financing mode to solve the financial problems. Everywhere pays attention to the hierarchical and orderly advancement of the construction of smart cities at all levels. We will deepen the development of intelligence in key areas and comprehensively upgrade the level of intelligence in urban management and services.
At the same time, in the process of promoting the construction of smart city, there are still some problems. "National Smart City Pilot Work Report 2015" points out that in the process of building Smart City, there are still some problems, such as emphasizing hardware investment and neglecting citizen participation; single construction mode, insufficient exploration of economic cost and later business model; and classifying construction projects with little relevance as Smart City to increase society's awareness of Smart City. Questions about city construction; insufficient efforts to optimize urban development environment, increase urban functions and foster smart industries in top-level design and implementation; insufficient interaction with people-oriented historical inheritance and ecological civilization, such as eco-city and humanistic city; public perspective thinking, planning and providing smart city knowledge The ability of innovation is weak.
Recommendation 1: Ideas
To solve these problems, the participants focused on the theme of "scientific planning and design, construction of ecological livable environment", and made suggestions for the development of smart cities from the perspective of planning, design, construction and management. Li Xun, Vice President of China Urban Planning and Design Research Institute, said at the meeting that advanced ideas are the foundation of planning. Green city, smart city, humanistic city, low-carbon city, ecological city, sponge city, resilient city and other urban development concepts have become new concepts and trends that conform to the development of modern cities in this period. At the same time, in the specific operation, realize from single to integrated green ecological technology.
Recommendation 2: Planning
Liu Chaohui, the executive vice director of Digital City Engineering Research Center of China Urban Science Research Association, takes "Urban Planning Challenges in the Context of Smart Cities" as the theme, and explores that urban change will bring about reconstruction of planning theory, analysis method and planning means. He said that the city is undergoing profound changes, virtual urban space replaces traditional urban space, virtual space and physical space are integrated with each other, and the organization of social and economic activities is undergoing changes. The traditional concept of location has changed. The perception, control and collaboration of smart cities have weakened the influence of traditional location factors; the service scope of services and facilities spans the constraints of spatial distance; the service scope may be disconnected from space; and people have the ability to work anywhere. In addition, virtual space realizes social remodeling, and individual spatial behavior is changing. "The challenge in the challenge is that you can't imagine what the city will be like in the future." Liu Chaohui said.
In this process, urban planning is facing many challenges, such as technical capacity deficiencies, loss of professional technology threshold, hidden planning decision-making power being challenged, urban planning disconnection, etc. "In order to maintain its legitimacy and cope with the urban changes arising from technological development, urban planning specialty must make changes." Liu Chaohui pointed out.
He proposed that urban planning theory should be reconstructed.
First, in terms of basic concepts of cities, cities are regarded as interactions, communication, relationships, flows and networks.